Keytruda 50 mg Injection ?
Keytruda is the trade name for the drug Pembrolizumab. It is injected into a vein through an IV. Keytruda is a prescription oncology medicine that is given by a health care professional.
When is Keytruda 50 mg Injection prescribed ?
Keytruda (Pembrolizumab) is used for the treatment of :
- unresectable or metastatic melanoma.
• metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
• patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).
• adult and pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), or those who have relapsed after three or more prior lines of therapy.
How Does Keytruda (Pembrolizumab) Injection Work ?
In the body, there is a type of white blood cell that watches out for signs of infection or disease and can also assault cancer cells. These white blood cells are called T cells. On the surface of these T cells are certain proteins known as programmed cell death receptors (PD-1). So that T cells don’t destroy healthy cells, they use these surface proteins, or PD-1, to bind to and communicate with PD-L1 and PD-L2, proteins that permit cells to escape attack from the body’s immune system.
In other words, when the PD-1 protein on T cells comes in contact with PD-L1 and PD-L2 proteins, they are given the signal to allow that cell to live and spread. By blocking PD-1, Pembrolizumab increases the ability of your immune system to attack melanoma cells and tumors. This cancer medicine can release T cells so that it can penetrate melanoma anywhere in your body.
What are the adverse effects of Keytruda 50 mg Injection ?
Keytruda may cause some serious, life-threatening side-effects. This does not mean that everyone who takes it will experience them. It depends on the medicine and how your body reacts. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine :
Common Side Effects of Keytruda Injection : Cough ; Joint pain ; Feeling tired ; Loss of appetite ; Mild diarrhea or constipation ; Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep ; Changes in skin color etc.
Serious Side Effects of Keytruda Injection :Chest pain or shortness of breath ; New or worsening cough ; Pale skin ; Easy bruising or bleeding ; Severe stomach pain ; Bloody or cloudy urine ; Swelling in the ankles or feet ; Rapid heartbeats ; Increased hunger or thirst ; Hoarseness ; Weight gain or weight loss ; Hair loss etc.
These are not all the possible side effects of Pembrolizumab 50mg Injection. If you notice any other side-effects, contact your doctor or pharmacist for further advice.